profuse outer coat. Short undercoat. The coat is weather
blond, nearly black and grey. Most dogs have brindling. Dark
tips at the ears, muzzle and tail is desirable. White is not desirable
and is considered a fault.
12" at withers. The US standard specifies dogs are 10 inches
and bitches are 9 inches. It is difficult to find a competitive
10" dog in today's breed rings. Weight ranges from 13 to 20
assertive, alert, fearless, "ready to go". Behavior can range from
incredibly affectionate to fairly aloof. Cairns are good with
Originally bred to
engage and flush fox, badger, weasel, otter and rodents form the rock
cairns in Scotland.
Cairns are a
fairly easy breed to maintain and to groom. Regular brushing helps
keep the coat clean. Cairns don't naturally shed, so at least
twice/year they should be hand stripped of their outer coat.
Show-dog coats are rolled (continually stripped) to keep top
appearance. This keeps their coat and skin healthy.
Scissoring the coat (except for shaping around the feet) should be
avoided as it will cause the coat to become soft. Nails should be
trimmed weekly and teeth should be checked often. Cairns are
active and need lots of exercise to keep them out of
trouble. A yard to run in and daily walks will satisfy their
House with a
yard, apartment, country or city the Cairn Terrier will thrive in any
environment as long as he receives attention and exercise. The
Cairn enjoys plenty of exercise but is also adaptable to most living
situations. As an earth dog and digger, he may leave holes in your
backyard if not given a place to dig. As with any dog, leaving
them unattended outside on a rope or chain can cause aggression.
Cairns are great
with children. Because they are small breed, younger
children should always be supervised around them.
love to be with other cairns. Mostly opposites
get along best. They accept and work well with any other pet (cats
or dogs) that they are raised with. An adult that has
not been raised around a cat, is placed with a cat, could present a
Watch Dog - yes,
Guard Dog - no
Very good to
Obedience - medium, Problem Solving - high
Cairn Terrier is happy, energetic companion that is very good with
children. As they were bred to flush vermin and quarry that were
quite fierce and larger then them, cairn terriers are fearless. Cairns are
assertive, but not aggressive by nature. Every cairn has a
distinct personality. Generally males end up more affectionate and
loving, females a little more aloof. They are a great watchdog,
alerting to most stimuli by barking, but can be trained to quiet
quickly. They are known worldwide as the "best little pal in the
That of an active, game, hardy, small working terrier
of the short-legged class; very free in its movements, strongly but not
heavily built, standing well forward on its forelegs, deep in the ribs,
well coupled with strong hindquarters and presenting a well-proportioned
build with a medium length of back, having a hard, weather-resisting
coat; head shorter and wider than any other terrier and well furnished
with hair, giving a general foxy expression.
Broad in proportion to the length with a decided stop
and well furnished with hair on the top of the head, which may be
somewhat softer than the body.
Strong but not too long or heavy.
Large, mouth neither overshot nor undershot.
Set wide apart, rather sunken, with shaggy eyebrows,
medium in size, hazel or dark hazel in color, depending on body color,
with a keen terrier expression
Small, pointed, well carried erectly, set wide apart
on the side of the head. Free from long hairs.
Tail in proportion to head, well furnished with hair
but not feathery. Carried gaily but must not curl over back. Set on at
Well muscled, strong, active body with well-sprung,
deep ribs, coupled to strong hindquarters, with a level back of medium
length, giving an impression of strength and activity without heaviness.
A sloping shoulder, medium length of leg, good but not
too heavy bone; forelegs should not be out at elbows, and be perfectly
straight, but forefeet may be slightly turned out. Forefeet larger than
hind feet. Legs must be covered with hard hair. Pads should be thick and
strong and dog should stand well up on its feet.
Hard and weather-resistant. Must be double-coated with
profuse harsh outer coat and short, soft, close furry undercoat.
May be of any color except white. Dark ears, muzzle
and tail tip are desirable.
Involves the weight, the height at the withers and the
length of body. Weight for bitches, thirteen pounds; for dogs, fourteen
pounds. Height at the withers, bitches nine and a half inches; dogs, ten
inches. Length of body from fourteen and a quarter to fifteen inches
from the front of the chest to back of hindquarters. The dog must be of
balanced proportions and appear neither too short nor too long in body.
Weight and measurements are for mature dogs at two years of age. Older
dogs may weigh slightly in excess and growing dogs may be under these
weights and measurements.
Dogs should be shown in good hard flesh, well muscled
and neither too fat or thin. Should be in full good coat with plenty of
head furnishings, be clean, combed, brushed and tidied up on the ears,
tail, feet and general outline. Should move freely and easily on a loose
lead, should not cringe on being handled, should stand up on their toes
and show with marked terrier characteristics.
Skull: Too narrow in
Muzzle: Too long and
heavy a foreface; mouth overshot or undershot.
Eyes: Too large,
prominent, yellow and ringed are all objectionable.
Ears: Too large, round
at points, set too close together, set too high on the head; heavily
covered with hair.
Legs and Feet: Too
light or too heavy bone. Crooked forelegs or out at the elbow. Thin
ferrety feet; feet let down on the heel or too open and spread. Too high
or too low on the leg.
Body: Too short back
and compact a body, hampering quickness of movement and turning ability.
Too long, weedy and snaky a body, giving an impression of weakness. Tail
set too low. Back not level.
Coat: Open coats,
blousy coats, too short or dead coats, lack of sufficient undercoat,
lack of head furnishings, lack of hard hair on the legs. Silkiness or
curliness. A slight wave permissible.
Nose: Flesh or
Color: White on chest,
feet or other parts of body.